143035_DBW Course_r3

Chapter 3 X Vessel Operation

Navigation Rules for Sailboats When two sailing vessels are approaching one another, one of them shall keep out of the way of the other so as to avoid the risk of collision, as follows: ƒ When each has the wind on a different side, the vessel with the wind on the port side shall keep out of the way of the other. ƒ When both have the wind on the same side, the vessel that is to windward shall keep out of the way of the vessel that is to leeward. ƒ If a vessel with the wind on the port side sees a vessel to windward and cannot determine with certainty whether the other vessel has the wind on the port or the starboard side, she shall keep out of the way of the other. The windward side shall be deemed to be the side opposite to that on which the mainsail is carried or, in the case of a square-rigged vessel, the side oppo Before Leaving the Dock ƒ Check out your skills by taking sailing lessons or sailing with someone who is experienced. ƒ Check to see if passengers are wearing properly fitted, Coast Guard-approved life jackets. Under California state law, children under the age of 13 must wear a Coast Guard-approved life jacket when underway, unless they are restrained by a harness tethered to the sailboat or are in an enclosed cabin. ƒ Check your clothing. Wear clothing in layers. Wear protective clothing, such as wind breakers, and deck shoes that provide traction on wet surfaces. ƒ Check the radio or cellular phone to make sure it’s working. ƒ Check your protective equipment. Wear UV-rated sunglasses and apply sun block to exposed skin. ƒ Check the weather conditions. ƒ Check the safety equipment. Be sure you have a fire extinguisher aboard and that it’s working. Check to see if you have rowing equipment in case of a power loss. ƒ Check the sails and rigging for rips, tears or damaged clews. site to that on which the largest fore-and-aft sail is carried. Note: International sailing rules are the same as those above.


When a sailboat uses a backup engine, it is considered a powerboat and must observe the rules of navigation and operational guidelines for powerboats. If the sailboat has an engine f Check the backup engine, making sure the motor, fuel lines and propeller are in operating condition. f Operators must have a California Boater Card. Capsizing f See page 108 for sailing specific rescue and accident prevention techniques. WEBSITE For additional sailing navigation rules check with your local chapter of US Sailing or American Sailing Association, at: www.USSailing.org , or www.ASA.com


Answer these questions by circling T for true or F for false. 1. You push a tiller in the opposite direction from the direction you want to go . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T F 2. It is not necessary to wear a life jacket on larger sailboats because they almost never sink . . . . . . . . . T F 3. All sailboats have backup engines. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . T F Turn to page 100 for correct answers.


California Course for Safe Boating

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